This is the third time the British Parliament has rejected the agreement. Britain has until 12 April 2019 to decide what to do next: the EU has also caved in and reopened the withdrawal agreement, which it had always described as untouchable. Dublin and Brussels have agreed to replace Ireland`s controversial border stop, which has marred Brexit talks for months, and opened the door to a possible delay in border management measures through a new approval mechanism. After the adoption by the British House of Lords on 22 January of the European Union Withdrawal Agreement Act, the bill received royal approval from the Queen. The European Parliament approved the agreement on 29 January. The UK`s withdrawal from the EU on 31 January 2020 came into force as part of the revised divorce agreement reached by London and Brussels in October 2019. The agreement also provides for a transitional period, which will last until 31 December 2020 and can be extended by mutual agreement. During the transitional period, EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adapt to the new situation and the new era, so that the British and European governments can negotiate a new trade agreement between the EU and the UK.   The European Union and the United Kingdom conclude a draft withdrawal agreement. In addition to an agreement on goods, the Uk wants an agreement on services that make up a large part of its economy. This is not part of the discussions, but separate agreements on issues such as the banking system are still possible. The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following main areas: The EU and the UK reach an interim agreement.
It includes a transition period until 31 December 2020, during which all EU rules will continue to apply. It also covers the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland. The withdrawal agreement also contains provisions for the United Kingdom to leave the Convention setting the status of European schools, with the United Kingdom bound by the Convention and accompanying regulations on accredited European schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, i.e. at the end of the spring semester 2020-2021.  The British Parliament decides that a further extension of the Date of Brexit is necessary, as it first wants to review the relevant legislation before deciding on the withdrawal agreement. The UK government is then asking the EU to postpone the date of Brexit to 31 January 2020. On 19 October, a statement was also made to Parliament that a political agreement had been reached. On the issue of the Irish border, there is a protocol on Northern Ireland (the « backstop ») which is attached to the agreement and establishes a position of withdrawal which will only come into force in the absence of effective alternative provisions before the expiry of the transition period. In this case, the UK will eclipse the EU`s common external tariff and Northern Ireland will stick to aspects of the internal market until such an event is carried out.