Part Of The Agreement Reached In The Missouri Compromise Of 1820

The compromise on Missouri led the District of Maine, originally colonized by the Plymouth Company in 1607 and part of Massachusetts, to be admitted as a Free State and Missouri as a slave state. The Missouri Compromise of 1820 maintained the balance between states that defended and rejected slavery in the United States Congress. Hostility to the federal relationship had historically been the target of federalists, who were now ineffective at the national level, who had their collective decline on the « Virginia Dynasty ». They expressed their displeasure on a partisan rather than a moral condemnation of slavery, and the pro-Witt Clinton federalist group continued the tradition by posing as an anti-resistance protester to advance his fortune in New York politics. [48] [49] The question of the definitive inscription of Missouri arose at the meeting of 1820-1821. The struggle was revived by a clause in the new Constitution of Missoure dating back to 1820, which requires the exclusion of « free negroes and mulaats » from the state. The influence of Kentucky Senator Henry Clay, known as the « Grand Compromiser, » was eventually adopted if the exclusion clause in the Missouri Constitution « should never be construed as authorizing the passage of a law, » which undermines the privileges and immunities of an American citizen. This deliberately ambiguous provision is sometimes referred to as the second compromise on Missouri. [92] In addition, anti-slavery legislators invoked Article IV, Section 4 of the Constitution, which requires states to provide some form of republican government. Since the territory of Louisiana was not part of the United States in 1787, they argued that the introduction of slavery in Missouri would thwart the egalitarian intent of the founders.

[64] [65] In the decades following 1820, when expansion continued westward and more Louisiana Purchase Lands were organized than territories, the issue of the expansion of slavery divided the nation. The 1850 compromise, which introduced California into the Union as a free state, required California to send a pro-slave senator to maintain the balance of power in the Senate.