Power Purchase Agreement (AAA) for small rural power projects Is part of a series of documents developed by international law firms for use in small rural energy projects. Documents prepared for the Southeast Asian country. A financial AAA (ECA) is a financial agreement between a renewable electricity producer (the seller) and a customer that allows both parties to hedge against volatility in electricity market prices. Unlike a physical electricity reception contract (PPPA), no physical supply of electricity is made by the seller to the customer. Rather, it is a hedging agreement that provides buyers with predictability of the cost of their electricity consumption and promotes growth in the renewable energy sector by offering project promoters long-term contracts with predictable revenues – a key element for project financing and investments. Financial PPAs are sometimes referred to as virtual or synthetic PPAs, differential contracts or fixed swaps for float. Financial PDOs are an innovative and useful purchase option for organizations, especially those that typically do not allow PPPs in traditionally regulated electricity markets. In the case of an offsite AAA, the customer enters into a long-term ECA with the owner of a renewable energy project, but does not assume responsibility for the physical supply of the electricity produced, which is sold to the local grid at market price. The customer and the promoter agree on a fixed rate for the cost of the electricity produced, also known as the exercise price. The project owner then sends funds to customers as part of a billing transfer for the difference between the revenue from energy sold at market price, less the customer`s fixed amount. The amount of this billing transfer depends on the market price of energy and, where the EAA`s exercise price exceeds the market price of electricity, the customer is obliged to pay the difference to the project owner. The customer continues to make normal payments to his supplier, but some of these costs are offset by the funds received during the payment transfers of the ECA. This payment contract between the client and the project owner is called a fixed exchange contract for the free float or a differential contract.
The system owner usually retains all the environmental benefits of supplying clean energy to the grid, such as for example. B renewable energy certificates (RECs). CIs are tradable intangible energy feedstocks that are spent when one megawatt-hour (MWh) of electricity is produced from a renewable energy source and injected into the grid. These certificates are a way for companies to verify the carbon reductions of certain projects and to be taken into account in the organizational objectives related to the use of renewable energies. Mandatory REC markets exist in countries that have portfolio standards for renewable energy (RPS), but there are also voluntary rec markets for those who wish to purchase them. REC arbitrage, i.e. the almost instantaneous buying and selling of RECs in different markets, can be an option to reduce the total cost if the customer is in a market where rec prices are high.. . . .