The BECA agreement has been under negotiation between India and the United States for more than a decade, as the previous UPA government was concerned about its impact on India`s national security, as the bilateral agreement should also allow India to share similar data with the United States. The agreement is one of the few basic agreements the United States signs with its close partners. 1. General Security of Military Information Security Agreement (GSOMIA) in 2002. In 2019, an agreement was signed for the extension of follow-up measures – Annex to Industrial Security (ISA). 6. The four defence agreements signed with the United States were concluded under the BJP. The first in 2002, as Atal Bihari Vajpayee War Prime Minsiter. The other three under Prime Minister Narendra Modi. BECA is the latest of four basic agreements signed between India and the United States to strengthen defence relations. The other three agreements are: the agreement will allow the United States to share sensitive data on satellites and sensors that would help India target military targets with precise accuracy.
In the face of rising tensions between India and China following the deaths of 20 soldiers in Ladakh four months ago, the pact is expected to help India narrow the military divide with Beijing. News of the agreement was strongly criticized by the Chinese government Global Times, which noted earlier this month that « New Delhi… The Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA) for Geographic Cooperation is primarily a communication agreement proposed by the National Geospatial Intelligence Agency of the U.S. Department of Defense and the Union Department of Defense. These agreements covered areas such as security and military information, compatibility, security and logistics exchanges, and communications. BECA`s goal is to improve space cooperation between India and the United States. The BECA agreement will also help to reduce India`s military divide with China in the wake of tensions between India and China. India and China have been in border conflict since April-May, following the intrusion of the Chinese People`s Liberation Army into several parts of Indian territory. In particular, the BECA, which is the last of the four basic agreements to strengthen defence relations, would improve space cooperation between India and the United States and should help improve the accuracy of India`s missile systems.